SEAT (Sociedad Espanola de Automoviles de Turismo)
Sociedad Espanola de Automoviles de Turismo was founded in Martorell, Spain, in 1950 by a Spanish Industrial Company. This company contracted with Fiat to produce cars in Spain, and the first Fiat 1400 was assembled in 1953 with many parts imported from Italy. By 1954 Seat cars were built of 93 per cent local content. FRom 1957 Seat built the Seat 600, and the unique Spanish variant the Seat 800 4-door. They also built a unique 4-door version of the Fiat 850 berlina. The Fiat 124 was built by Seat in a number of different variants. Other Fiat models followed, with localised versions, until 1982. Seat and Fiat went into dispute and Seat wanted capital investment from Fiat which was not forthcoming so Fiat pulled out in 1982. The Volkswagen Group (VAG) then moved in, seeking manufacturing facilities in Spain, and promptly took their Passat and Polo models to plants in Spain. Volkswagen re-engineered some of the existing Fiat-based cars to produce a new Ibiza model and a larger Malaga saloon, until 1991 when the first VAG-designed Toledo went into production. More recent models have been developed on VAG platforms.