The car industry started in Europe with Carl Benz and Gottlieb Daimler both independently coming up with almost the same recipe for a motorised carriage. It didn't take long for other European countries to climb on the motorised wagon, often by licensing Daimler patents; France took licenses in 1887 (Panhard et Levassor) and Peugeot. Frederick Simms took patents in 1893 eventually forming the British Daimler company. Italy managed to get into automobile production by the engineering expertise within the Society Accomandita G.Ceirano and Company which evolved into Fiat. Spain also created its own cars with technical excellence and the brand that began making Electric Cars in 1898 as La Cuadra emerged as Hispano-Suiza in 1902, although Spanish car production is mainly a story of Spanish outposts of other multinationals. Austria's motor industry started as a satellite of the German Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft (DMG) and became Austro-Daimler, with other companies such as Steyr-Werke AG simply diversifying from munitions during peace time. In neighbouring Czechoslavakia the Tatra company began by dismantling a Benz car and building a version themselves, but engineer Hans Ledwinka helped them to create more successful models later.
Yugo Koral 45A 1989 front
Yugo Koral 45A 1989. The Zastava Koral used a version of the Fiat 903cc 4-cylinder engine and was sold in Britain as the cheapest car available.