Car Albums
Lotus Index
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Lotus Europa (Type 46, 47, 54, 65, 74)
In 1963 after becoming aware that Ford of America wanted to build a Le Mans racer Ron Hickman and Colin Chapman decided to bid for the work. Ron Hickman designed a mid-engined two-seater which was shown to Ford. Lotus lost out to Lola who already had an Eric Broadley engineered contender racing with a body designed by John Frayling. Colin Chapman decided to turn the rejected Le Mans car into a scaled down road car which was launched as the Lotus Europa. However the Hickman design was considered too complicated so John Frayling, who had earlier worked on the Lotus Elite, returned to Lotus for the final design of the Europa. Announced in December 1966 as the Type 46 Europa, this car used a back bone chassis similar to the Lotus Elan, but with a Renault 16 1470cc 82 bhp engine mid-mounted behind the cabin. 296 of this very basic S1 model were made. A later Series 1A and 1B were given removable side windows. Lotus also engineered a racing version of the Europa as the Type 47 with a Lotus Twin Cam engine, and about 55 were made. The Series 2 Europa (Type 54) was launched in April 1968 and given wind-up windows, and in 1969 there was a Type 65 version, essentially a federalised version of the Type 54. Road-going Europas with the Lotus Twin Cam engine were finally announced in 1971 as the Type 74 with revised rear deck for better visibility. The Twin Cam Europa was later upgraded to the Big Valve 126bhp engine. Black and Gold Europa Twin Cam Specials were produced to commemorate the Team Lotus 1972 and 1973 Formula One World Championships.
aa_Lotus Europa S2 1970 badgeb
Lotus Europa S2 1970 - badge on bootlid
aa_Lotus Europa S2 1970 badges2
Lotus Europa S2 1970 - badge on rear flanks
Lotus Europa S2 1970 front
Lotus Europa S2 1970. Lotus upgraded the Europa as the Type 54, badged 'S2' to include such luxuries as windows that opened. 2750 S2 Europas were made from 1968 to 1971.
Lotus Europa S2 1970 rear
Lotus Europa S2 1970. The S2 had been announced in 1968 as a more practical car with wind-up windows, although it still had the 'letter box' rear window and minimal visibility. A 4-cylinder Renault 1470cc engine powered the Type 54 S2, in either 78bhp or 82 bhp formats
Lotus Europa Twin Cam 1971 front
Lotus Europa Twin Cam 1971. The Type 74 Europa finally got the Lotus-Ford Twin Cam engine that everybody clamoured for in 1971
Lotus Europa Twin Cam 1971 rear
Lotus Europa Twin Cam 1971. The Twin Cam Europa was the Type 74, and although some Type 47 Europas had been built for racing with a Twin Cam engine in, the first road-going Twin Cam Europa was launched in 1971. This carried the 105bhp 4-cylinder 1558cc engine derived from a Ford Block with Lotus uppers. Lotus retain the Renault R16 gearbox, albeit mounted in a Lotus housing, and theoretically a more powerful Renault engine could have been fitted, except for a marketplace conflict with the Renault Alpine.
s_Lotus Europa S2 1969 side
Lotus Europa S2 1969, 1470cc Renault engine. The S2 still has the high rear deck which gave almost no rearward visibility
t_Lotus Europa S2 1970 tail
Lotus Europa S2 1970. An 80bhp Renault R16 1470cc engine sits inside the tail of the Europa driving through a Renault gearbox mounted in a Lotus housing.
Lotus Esprit S1, S2, S3, S4, V8
Designer: John Frayling
key text:  This is the page introducing Simons love of cars from the website  RedSimon which is a series of photo albums of Simon GP Geoghegan.
The names of Pinin, Farina, and Pininfarina are also considered
There are also notes on Pininfarina
as well as the car maker
and links tothat car maker
see also my Picasa car albums
withe even more on RedSimon
Simon is also a contributor to SuperCars.Net
And also to Wikipedia
Photos may be purchased from PhotoBox