|Jaguar Racing Cars|
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Cooper Car Company
Founded by Charles Cooper and his son John Cooper in 1947 at Surbiton. The first car, a Cooper 500, was built with a JAP 500cc motorcycle engine behind the driver and entered in Formula Three [F3] races as well as hillclimbs. Cooper Cars won 64 out of 78 F3 races, and with this success they built a T12 car and entered it at the 1950 Monaco Grand Prix. In 1952 Cooper launched a front-engined Formula Two [F2] car. In 1955 Cooper started building rear-engined sports cars powered by a Coventry-Climax engine. Jack Brabham won the 1957 Monaco Grand Prix in a rear-engined Formula One [F1] Cooper, and two more F1 victories in 1958, and then won both F1 driver and constructors championships in both 1959 and 1960. John Cooper developed the Mini Cooper, and many different versions of this were sold by BMC and later British Leyland. John Cooper was badly injured driving a twin-engined Mini in 1963 and his father Charles Cooper died in 1964. The Cooper Car Company wound up in 1969.